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《中国社会科学英文版》 季刊 2014年第3期

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  • 出版日期2014-08-05
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  • ISBNCN11-1335/C
  • 页数204页
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内容简介

Social Sciences in China(《中国社会科学》英文版)季刊,是中国大陆地区唯一的人文社会科学综合类英文学术期刊,创刊于1980年。它关注世界发展趋势,面向海外读者,介绍中国学者在人文社会科学研究方面的学术成果,传播中国人文社会科学领域的理论动态和学术研究信息,促进国际文化交流,为中国现代化建设和人文社会科学的繁荣发展服务。《中国社会科学》英文版的内容主要涉及文学、历史、哲学、经济、政治、法律、社会、民族等学科领域。这本杂志既是让外国朋友了解中国人文社会科学发展状况不可多得的信息之窗,也是将国内学者推向世界不可或缺的文化之桥。我们愿竭尽全力,使世界五大洲的朋友通过这个窗口透视中国,中国朋友沿着这个桥梁走向世界。

目录

    1Mao Zedong Is the Great Founder, Explorer and Pioneer of Socialism with Chinese Characteristics

    Wang Weiguang

    Chinese Academy of Social Sciences

    Abstract:As early as the revolutionary wars, Mao Zedong clearly pointed out the future path of the Chinese revolution: to go through the new democratic revolution and advance uninterruptedly into the stage of socialist revolution, and finally to build socialism and communism. After the founding of the Peoples Republic of China, he created and continuously improved the socialist economic system and the corresponding political system, led the large-scale socialist economic, political and cultural construction, established the institutional preconditions, ideological guarantees and material basis for socialism with Chinese characteristics, and brought about a favorable external environment for Chinas socialist construction. During this process, Mao originated a series of theories about Chinas socialist construction. In proposing to achieve the second combination of the universal truth of Marxism with Chinas realities and to go Chinas own way and explore a path of building socialism which suits Chinas national conditions and has Chinese characteristics, he made a great theoretical contribution to the history of Chinas socialist development. His ideas provided ample ideological gestation and theoretical preparation for the second historic leap of the sinicization of Marxism. They served not only as the starting point of the history and logic of the theory, road and system of socialism with Chinese characteristics but also as one of the guiding principles of Chinas revolution, construction and reform. Maos exploration left us with experience of success and lessons from mistakes, both of which enabled us to store up valuable experience and important inspiration for todays construction of socialism with Chinese characteristics. Therefore, whether in terms of historical practice or theoretical logic, Mao is the great founder, explorer and pioneer of the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics.

  Keywords: Mao Zedong, sinicization of Marxism, socialist construction, socialism withChinese characteristics

    2Constructing Core Values within the Framework of Complex Modernity*

        Feng Ping et al.1

  Department of Philosophy, Fudan University

  Abstract:China is caught in the tensions between modernization and the revival of the Chinese nation, between socialism and capitalism, and between the nation-state and the trend toward globalization. These tensions highlight three problems confronting the future development of China, and serve as an intellectual benchmark enabling us to identify Chinas place in contemporary world history and to grasp the historical trend of Chinese development. In order to solve these problems, we need to establish the idea of complex modernity as an analytical framework for analyzing the challenges confronting China and as a methodology for charting the countrys future direction. We should also set up a pattern of thought consistent with the idea of complex modernity so as to construct the core values of contemporary Chinese society.

  Keywords: modernity, complex modernity, core values

        3Land Finance and the Tax-sharing System: An Empirical Interpretation*

    Sun Xiulina and Zhou Feizhoub

  a School of Sociology and Political Science, Shanghai University

  b Department of Sociology, Peking University

  Abstract:How has regional competition between local governments contributed to rapid economic growth in China? That is an issue deserving further exploration. The behavior of local governments has been influenced by central-local relations, especially by the fiscal and taxation reforms undertaken since the implementing of the tax-sharing system. After financial authority was centralized through the tax-sharing system, local governments gradually adopted a development model focusing on land appropriation, development and transfer, i.e., land finance. On the basis of Chinese provincial-level annual data, we can show that there is a close relationship between the tax-sharing system and land finance. Regardless of how we evaluate the land finance development model, the tax-sharing system represents a more rational institutional reform than the old system, because it has created a stable framework of interaction between the central government and local governments. The land-centered urban expansion model is an unforeseen consequence of this reform.

  Keywords: land finance, tax-sharing system, central-local relation

        4An Analysis of the Determinants of the Changes in Chinas Foreign Exchange ReservesNominal and Real Rates of Return*

    Zhang Bina and Wang Xunb

  a Institute of World Economics and Politics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences

  b National School of Development, Peking University

  Abstract:We use decomposition and regression to examine the reasons for the changes in nominal and real rates of return of Chinas foreign exchange reserves between 2002 and 2009. The results show that the US financial market risk premium is the most important determinant of changes in the nominal rate of return, while the US dollar exchange rate and the bulk commodity price are the two key determinants of changes in the real rate of return. From empirically based research, one may conclude that the loose monetary policy of the US Federal Reserve increases Chinas foreign exchange reserves nominal rate of return but decreases the real rate of return and that the European debt crisis has an uncertain impact on Chinas foreign exchange reserves nominal rate of return but may well raise the real rate of return.

  Keywords: foreign exchange reserves nominal rate of return, foreign exchange reservesreal rate of return

        5The Collective Transformation of Labor Relations and Improvement of the Governments Labor Policy*

        Chang Kai

  School of Labor and Human Resources, Renmin University of China

  Abstract:China is currently undergoing a transition from individual to collective labor relations. The enactment of the Labor Contract Law marks the initial completion of adjustments to individual labor relations in terms of legal construction, as well as the starting point for the adjustment of collective labor relations. The construction and regulation of individual labor relations is not sufficient to resolve the conflict between labor and capital or to maintain industrial peace. In the shift toward collective labor relations there are two complementary forces and paths: the government-led top-down construction process, and the workers spontaneous bottom-up mobilization. The shift from disputes over rights to disputes over interests is an important characteristic of the transition toward collective labor relations. Chinese labor policy urgently needs to be reconstructed and refined. Its content should include the guiding role of labor relations theory and choice of adjustment models, sound collective labor law, recognition of the collective rights of workers, handling of the relationship of labors two forces, etc.

  Keywords: labor relations, transition to a collective system, labor policy

        6Three Paradigms in Lu Xun Research and Contemporary Value Options

  Zhang Fugui

  College of Literature, Jilin University

  Abstract:Research on Lu Xun is never simply the analysis of an individual writer, but constitutes an understanding of the cultural attributes represented by Lu Xun himself and his writings. Likewise, the evaluation of research on Lu Xun is never a simple evaluation of academic history, but rather a social evaluation associated with the value orientations of those times. At present, with the return of academic logic and the growing tendency toward private research, a noteworthy divergence of standpoints and evaluations of Lu Xun research has emerged. At the same time, as a prominent discipline that has been over-interpreted, research on Lu Xun is demonstrating a tendency toward redundancy and triviality. Three fundamental paradigms are commonly employed in research on Lu Xun: historical research that attempts to explore historical materials; academic research that focuses on knowledge interpretation and aesthetic evaluation; and contemporary research that pursues the contemporary meaning and values of Lu Xuns ideas. Each paradigm offers an insight into and understanding of Lu Xuns rich and complex spiritual world; each presents a paradox of one kind or the other; and each performs different value functions.

  Keywords: paradigms in research on Lu Xun, historical value, academic research,contemporary significance

        7Chinas Household Tradition and Its Rural Development Path: With Reference to Traditional Russian and Indian Village Communities

        Xu Yong

  Center for Chinese Rural Studies, Central China Normal University

  Abstract:Sources of tradition that produce a lasting influence upon modern society are fundamental to that societys development. Among Eastern sources of tradition, the village systems of Russia and India are very unlike the Chinese household system, a system that served as the foundation for Chinas unique path of rural development. This system includes the following features: the organization of agricultural operations on the basis of household operations; an economy where agriculture, industry and commerce complement each other on the basis of their integration at the household level; forms of agricultural cooperation based on mutual assistance and cooperation among households; and a system of rural governance based on the joint governance by household and state. In Chinas rural development process, the household system, though at one time discarded, still constitutes the institutional backdrop for current and future rural development.

  Keywords: source of tradition, household system, village system, Chinese rural areas

    8SPECIAL ISSUE: CLIMATE CHANGE AND GLOBAL GOVERNANCE Introduction

        Wang Boguang

  Institute of Atmospheric Environment Safety and Pollution Control, Jinan University

    9.A Health Risk Assessment of Carbonyl-containing Volatile Organic Compounds in the Atmosphere of Chinese Megacities*

  Wang Boguang,a Xia Ling,b Zhou Lei,c Wang Hao,d and Zhang Chunlin,e

  a, c, and e Institute of Atmospheric Environment Safety and Pollution Control, Jinan University

  b Department of Environmental Engineering, Jinan University

  d International Laboratory for Air Quality and Health, Queensland University of Technology

  Abstract:Carbonyl-containing volatile organic compounds (cVOCs) are important precursors of atmospheric photochemical reactions in the formation of ozone, smog and other air pollutants. Chinas megacities are economically developed and densely populated metropolitan areas, usually with a population over ten million; they drive the rapid growth of surrounding urban clusters. So far, 21 cVOCs have been detected in the atmosphere of these megacities. The average annual total concentration of cVOCs is 55.6 μg/m3, an alarmingly high level. Vehicle emissions, industrial discharges, excessive use of organic solvents and other factors have led to a situation where hazardous formaldehyde, acetaldehyde and acetone account for 62.4 percent of the total atmospheric concentration of cVOC in Chinese cities. In a quantitative evaluation using daily exposure levels, cancer risk and hazard quotient, we found that the excessive levels of atmospheric cVOCs in Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou pose serious health risks to their inhabitants. Air pollution persists, despite the brief improvements in air quality brought about by the air quality campaign undertaken during major international events like the 2008 Olympic Games, the 2010 Asian Games, and the 2010 World Expo. The health risks caused by atmospheric cVOCs in Chinese cities require close attention.

  Keywords: Carbonyl-containing volatile organic compounds, health risk assessment,megacity, China

       10Strategic Measures to Reduce Chinas Carbon Emissions: Based on an Index Decomposition Analysis of Carbon Emissions in Eight Industries*

  Tu Zhengge

  Central China Normal University

  Abstract:This article uses the refined Laspeyres index decomposition method to examine the overall trends and characteristics of carbon emissions in eight Chinese industries for the period 1994-2008. The results show that every one percentage point increase in economic scale will result in an average increase of 15 Mt (million tonnes) in carbon emissions. However, different industries vary greatly in terms of marginal carbon emissions caused by economic growth. The economic structures bias toward heavy industry fuels the increase of carbon emissions: every one percentage point rise in the share of manufacturing industry produces an average of 56 Mt carbon emissions. Technological progress helps reduce energy intensity and serves as a core driver in reducing carbon emissions, in that every one percentage point decrease in energy intensity will cause an average reduction of 33 Mt in carbon emissions. Our coal-dominated energy structure has resulted in a persistently high level of carbon emissions, suggesting that the reduction effect brought about by changes in energy structure is not significant. Nevertheless, lowering the density of overall carbon emissions is a positive signal, indicating that China is optimizing its energy structure. Only by promoting industrial restructuring, optimizing energy structure, encouraging energy-saving technologies and technological innovation, and reorienting industry can China achieve low-carbon development and control pollution.

  Keywords: low-carbon development, index decomposition analysis (IDA), carbon density,energy intensity

        11Consumption-based Carbon Emissions and International Carbon Leakage: An Analysis Based on the WIOD Database*

  Zhao Zhongxiua and Yan Yunfengb

  a The University of International Business and Economics

  b Shanghai Maritime University

  Abstract:The worldwide increase in consumption levels is a major cause of the dramatic rise in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. A thorough understanding of the dynamics of consumption-based carbon emissions and the factors influencing it would facilitate the design of climate policies. This article employs data in the multi-regional input-output tables and on sectoral carbon emissions from the World Input-Output Database (WIOD) to develop a multi-regional input-out (MRIO) model, setting up a consumption-based carbon emission accounting inventory and analyzing global consumption-based carbon emissions and the spillover effects of international carbon emissions. The results show that global consumption- based carbon emissions in 2009 were 28850 Mt, of which about 20 percent were embodied in international trade. A large part of these emissions derived from production in and exports from China and the region comprising Brazil, Russia, India, Indonesia, Australia and Turkey (BRIIAT), production and exports which were consumed in NAFTA and the Eurozone. If the factor of international trade is taken into consideration, the inter-regional gap in carbon emission intensity narrows, ranging from 2.4 t (BRIIAT) to 14.7 t (NAFTA) consumption-based emissions per capita. Whereas embodied imported carbon accounted for 33 percent and 17 percent in NAFTA and the Eurozone respectively, 29 percent of Chinas carbon emissions were caused by the consumption of other countries. Therefore, setting up a consumption-based carbon emission accounting inventory has become increasingly important for international climate negotiations. Moreover, allocating responsibility for carbon emissions between the producer and the consumer will help change the existing mode of consumption and promote emission reduction.

  Keywords: consumption-based carbon emissions, leakage effects, WIOD database, MRIO model

        12EU and China: Destined to Be Partners in Shaping the Post-Kyoto Regime?

  Gu Xuewu

  Center for Global Studies, Bonn University

  Abstract:This paper argues that China and the EU are destined to be partners in fighting for a second period of commitments for global climate change governance and shaping the post-Kyoto regime to meet the anticipated challenges of the 21st  century. The basic idea backing this argumentation is the assessment that, in comparison with other nations (the United States, Russia, India, Japan and Canada), Europe and China would have most to lose if the upgrading of the Kyoto Protocol fails; and conversely, they would have most to win if the regime survives in a modernized form and with a more comprehensive application of international binding commitments. This is to say, the EU and China have no choice but to work together if they want to achieve their respective political objectives relating to the issue of global climate change in a less costly and more effective way.

  Keywords: China, EU, Kyoto Regime, global climate change, energy security

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