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《中国社会科学英文版》 季刊 2014年第4期

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  • 出版日期2015-04-02
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Social Sciences in China(《中国社会科学》英文版)季刊,是中国大陆地区唯一的人文社会科学综合类英文学术期刊,创刊于1980年。它关注世界发展趋势,面向海外读者,介绍中国学者在人文社会科学研究方面的学术成果,传播中国人文社会科学领域的理论动态和学术研究信息,促进国际文化交流,为中国现代化建设和人文社会科学的繁荣发展服务。《中国社会科学》英文版的内容主要涉及文学、历史、哲学、经济、政治、法律、社会、民族等学科领域。这本杂志既是让外国朋友了解中国人文社会科学发展状况不可多得的信息之窗,也是将国内学者推向世界不可或缺的文化之桥。我们愿竭尽全力,使世界五大洲的朋友通过这个窗口透视中国,中国朋友沿着这个桥梁走向世界。

目录

A Quantitative Estimate of the Dominant Position of Public Ownership in China and Trends in Its Development

Pei Changhong

  Institute of Economics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences

  Abstract:By setting the value of productive assets under different types of ownership of the means of production as the marginal criterion for measuring the relative position of each form of ownership, we estimate the scale of public and non-public sector assets in primary industry in China and changes in their relative proportions. Further, on the basis of previous estimates, we provide  an extended estimate of the scale of public and non-public sector assets in secondary and tertiary industry and changes in their relative proportions. We found that in 2012, total productive assets in primary, secondary and tertiary industry were 487.53 trillion RMB, of which the public sector accounted for 53 percent, or 258.39 trillion RMB. In secondary and tertiary industry, the non-public sector contributed 67.59 percent and 75.20 percent respectively in terms of value- added and employment. This indicates the vitality of Chinas basic socialist economic system, in which public sector assets retain a dominant position and the non-public sector makes the primary economic contribution, and thus provides a theoretical justification for ownership reform in the primary stage of socialism in China and the two unswervinglies policy.

  Keywords: public ownership, dominant position, capital, quantitative estimate, compatibility

 

Codependent Cycles of Chinese Inflation

Wang Shaoping a and Sun Xiaotao b

  a and b School of Economics, Huazhong University of Science & Technology

  Abstract:A test and decomposition of the codependent cycles of the consumer price index (CPI), agricultural producer price index (APPI) and M2 reveals that the sharp cyclical fluctuations in agricultural producer prices largely stem from the grain price fluctuations induced by factors such as land enclosure and the impact on APP of the abrupt changes in pork prices and other factors. Therefore, changing the current policy of grain purchasing price subsidies to one of subsidies to grain production and sales will reduce the impact of grain prices and other factors on APP and inflation. The weak cyclic codependence among APP, CPI and M2, along with the strong cyclic codependence between M2 and CPI, has given rise to a shuttle-shaped intersection of cyclic elements. This indicates that Chinas monetary policy goal has been alternating between curbing inflation and stimulating growth. When the APP cycle is basically stable, China can implement a moderately easing monetary policy to stimulate economic growth, but this must be based on a 1.5 or so margin of increase in the codependent cycle components of M2. When APP rises sharply or is in the rising phase of cycle elements,China should emphasize APP control, and should delay the moderately easing monetary policy till the APP cycle becomes stable or is in the downlink phase.

Keywords: codependent cycles, APPI, inflation, stochastic shock

 

The Practice and Reconstruction of Village Communal Ownership: An Analytical Framework for Collective Forest Tenure Disputes in China

Zhu Dongliang

  School of Marxism, Xiamen University

  Abstract:As shown in the many disputes occurring in reforms to collective forest tenure, reforms aimed at clarifying property rights that follow the contract responsibility system for arable land are not wholly compatible with the informal system of property rights followed in village communities up to the present. This highlights the fact that the existing theory of collective property rights no longer provides a sufficient or effective interpretation of the property rights game in the practice of collective forest tenure. Further, the existing institutional arrangements for collective property rights are conducive neither to the resolution of disputes over forest tenure nor to the sustainable management and utilization of forest land. Therefore, it is necessary to develop a more inclusive analytical framework for rural property rights: village communal ownership. This highlights the village community as the main force in the practice of property rights and integrates the communal ownership values accumulated and inherited in the course of village transition. The introduction of a rational mechanism developed through the practice of village communal ownership may be able to further improve and encourage the reform of rural property rights in China, leading tothe construction of a modern system of rural property rights involving clear title to the land.

Keywords: collective property rights, village communal ownership rights, collective forest tenure disputes

 

Love as the Key Word: New Sexual Morality and New Literature in the Late Qing and Early Republican Years (1900-1920)

Yang Lianfen

  School of Liberal Arts, Renmin University of China

  Abstract:Courtesy of translation, the word love (lianai 恋爱) entered the modern Chinese language in the early 20th century, leading to changes in the mode, experience, meaning and evaluation of feelings between men and women by virtue of this new nomenclature. The word entered public discourse and became the point of entry for new Chinese ethical construction, spawning a series of new moral propositions from the late Qing to the May Fourth Movement together with corresponding works of new literature. The free marriageadvocated in the late Qing confirmed the modern consciousness of marriage premised on love and determined primarily by the will of the parties themselves, initiating a new style of civilized marriage. In the early Republican period, the word love was temporarily stigmatized in the course of sinicization, with the result that it was generally avoided in romance fiction. However, the widespread cult of the spiritual character of love in novels of tragic love laid the foundation for the emergence of the sanctity of love in the May Fourth period. The theory of love constructed at this time under the influence of Western theories made a subtle distinction between the freedom of love and free love, reflecting the ideological divergence within the New Culture community. In terms of spatial imagery and descriptions of love, the pioneering creation of romantic literature during the May Fourth period deconstructed the patriarchal authority that suppressed individual freedom, undermining traditional morality and opening up new fields for literary expression. But since the one-dimensional pursuit of individual freedom also led to weaknesses such as superficial emotionalism, May Fourth romantic literature could not take the experiences and expression of love to a deeper level.

Keywords: love, late Qing and early Republican period, new word, new morality, new literature

 

Nation, Buzu and the Formation of the Huaxia Nation

Wang Zhenzhong

  School of Qi-Lu Culture, Shandong Normal University

  Abstract:The nation can be broken down into two categories: ancient nations and modern nations. The ancient Huaxia nation went through two phases in the course of its formation: the self-existent nation and the self-aware nation. The reason the self-existent Huaxia nation1 arose in the Xia and Shang period lies in its unified yet diverse composite state structure that could encompass a variety of buzu within the framework of a dynastic state. The pre-Xia Five Emperors period saw the genesis of the Huaxia nation. During this period, different buzu states were cemented into a diverse yet unified nation-state through a confederation of chiefdoms.

Keywords: Huaxia nation, confederation of chiefdoms, composite state structure

 

An Analysis of Changes in the Chinese Family Structure between Urban and Rural Areas: On the Basis of the 2010 National Census Data

Wang Yuesheng

  Institute of Population and Labor Economics of CASS

  Abstract:Changes in the Chinese family structure since 2000 are evident in a significant decrease in the share of nuclear families; a considerable increase in the share of single- person families; and a rise rather than a fall in the share of linear families. Changes in urban family structure differ from those in rural areas. In the former, the share of nuclear families has fallen, with a marked rise in single-person families and a slight fall in linear families. In the latter, there has been quite a large fall in the share of nuclear families and an increase in the share of single-person and linear families. Changes in the secondary family structure also show some differences. Population mobility, number of children, population aging, and marriage and housing conditions have a marked effect on the evolution of family structure. In an era when small families are dominant, the government and various social organizations should enhance public services for families; review the household registration system to lessen the regional separation of workers from other family members; and create conditions for improving intergenerational relations.

  Keywords: family structure, sixth national census data, social transformation, urban-rural disparity

SPECIAL ISSUE: THE ENLIGHTENMENT IN COMPARATIVE PERSPECTIVE

Ke Jinhua

  Social Sciences in China Press

The Third Sense of Enlightenment as Seen in the Critique of the Power of Judgment

Han Shuifa

  Department of Philosophy, Peking University

  Abstract:A critique of the criticisms on modern enlightenment is a task confronting the modern people, for which Kantian philosophy can undoubtedly provide the basic principles and methodologies. Reason still holds a supreme position in todays world, but contrary to the expectations of those living in the age of Enlightenment, rather than forming a unitary and internally consistent system, reason seems more diversified and is beleaguered by more internal conflicts. Kants Critique of the Power of Judgment explained whether and how the different fields of reason and their principles could be linked, thus throwing light on the third meaning of enlightenment: Reason manifests itself through different faculties, principles and on different levels, which can be examined separately; the links among different principles and territories may be vague in theory, but they are phenomenallyrecognized. Further, phenomena should be represented on different levels: Besides those involved in the construction of knowledge concerning natural objects and norms guiding human behavior, under reason should there be faculties and forms regarding emotion and taste. Therefore, any attempt to critique reason should not let itself be confined to just the revealing of the known forms of reason and their structures through an analysis of various existing knowledge, but should examine the possibility of other forms of reason and their structures with a view to finding the conditions for knowledge that exist in other forms and is of a different nature unto that knowledge itself.

  Keywords: third meaning of enlightenment, Critique of the Power of Judgment, diversity of reason

 

Theories of Reason in China and the West: From the Point of View of the Enlightenment

Ding Yun

  School of Philosophy, Fudan University

  Abstract:A conception of enlightenment that is new in both origin and prototype yet rooted in Chinese tradition can be found in the works of Liang Shuming and Zhu Qianzhi, his follower in the historical field. Kant maintained that enlightenment implied that the power of reason would give man the courage to use his mind. Similarly, Zhu Qianzhi used enlightenment to define reason, putting the focus of enlightenment on religion. In doing so, on the one hand, he neglected the richness, complexity and inner evolution of the Western concept of reason; on the other hand, like Hegel, he dismissed the subtle but significant differences between Chinese and Western concepts of reason. In terms of thought, intuition, emotion, desire, practice, skill and the movements of nature, reason in the Western tradition inevitably tends toward the good. The word later used to translate reason into Chinese had already appearedin Confucian and Buddhist classics. Reason in Song and Ming Confucianism is an all- embracing absolute; its function involves intuition, thought and emotion, all directed toward the good. Liang Shuming accepted the differentiation between reason and understanding of Western philosophy, but proposed that understanding was the function and reason the essence of the heart-mind. Overall, this represents only the heart-mind approach. The non- religious character, didactic tendency and emphasis on intuition in the Confucian view of reason can all be found in the Confucian theory of emotion. Being essentially a response to good and evil, emotion may share some common ground with classical Western philosophy.

  Keywords: enlightenment, Confucian, reason, Liang Shuming

 

Enlightenment and Its Fortunes in Chinas Modernization

Ma Depu

  College of Politics and Public Administration, Tianjin Normal University

  Abstract:The central concept of Western Enlightenment is scientific reason. It catalyzed the development of modernity, but itself contains a series of paradoxes: between ought and is, between necessity and freedom, between universality and historicity, and so on. The impact of Enlightenment reason on China was negative in that it generated a superstitious belief in the omnipotence of scientific method and in Western experience and political principles. Consequently, Chinese liberals were unable to handle the relationship between modern Western culture and traditional local culture and the relationship between the ideals of Enlightenment modernity and the objective requirements of real-life politics. At the same time, they were unable to identify the rational and non-rational elements in Western modernity or to develop what was useful and discard what was not. The real value of the Enlightenment lies in its spirit of reflective criticism. It is, therefore, an unfinished business in terms of eliminating superstition and dogma.

  Keywords: Enlightenment, reason, science, modernity

 

The Mercantile Enlightenment in Late Qing and Early Republican China

  Ma Min

  Central China Normal University

  Abstract:Although late Qing and Republican China failed to witness an enlightenment movement in the European sense, China did go through an enlightenment process of its own. Chinese mercantilism, in close association with industrialization and the rise of capitalism, constituted an intellectual movement that cannot be overlooked. The mercantile enlightenment expressed in mercantilism went through various evolutionary stages, from birth to development to maturation. In this process, the values and beliefs of Chinas feudal agrarian society were rejected and attacked and the new values championed by industrialists and merchants grew and spread. Although Chinas enlightenment movement had its limitations, it played an important role in promoting the countrys transformation from an agrarian to an industrialized society and helped lay the foundation for Chinas modernization. It also has implications for the rebuilding of commericial morality in China.

  Keywords: Enlightenment, mercantilist thought, saving the country through industry, mercantile enlightenment

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