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《中国社会科学英文版》季刊 2017年 第2期

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  • 出版日期2017-05-22
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  • ISBNCN11-1335/C
  • 页数204页
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目录

The Chinese Road in the Light of Historical Continuity

  Xu Yong

  Center for Chinese Rural Studies of Central China Normal University

  Abstract:The Chinese road has deep historical roots. Its most striking feature is that it is marked by historical continuity rather than rupture, and the main force behind this continuity is its intrinsic dynamism and vitality. Unlike the paradigm of Eurocentrism or Discovering History in China, the comparative analytical paradigm discovers China through long-term comparisons with corresponding countries in the same time and space in an effort to find positive elements in the history of the Chinese road and to refute the long prevalent theory of Chinese stagnation. Seen over the course of world history, the impetus for the creation of the worlds most brilliant agrarian civilization was endogenous. This impetus was not a momentary explosive force but a sustainable institutional drive whose main constituents were the independent farming household, endogenous government capacity and adaptive national governance. In addition to the main theme of permanent change, Chinese development had a secondary theme of cyclical change which cannot be ignored. The roots of Chinese development are buried deep in the genes of this agrarian nation in the form of sticky institutions, bureaucratic inertia, arbitrary power, etc. Historical continuity provided a foundation for Chinas creative revolution and development in modern times, ultimately laying down a socialist development road with Chinese characteristics, although this remains an unfinished relay process.

  Keywords:Chinese road,historical continuity,institutionalization,agrarian civilization

The Role of Consul tative Democracy under the Constitutional Framework and the Associated Rule of Law

  Ma Yide

  Law School, Zhongnan University of Economics and Law

  Abstract:The logical sequence of Chinas state governance is governing partyconsultative conferencespeoples congressesthe people. The governing partyconsultative conferences link in the chain involves political consultation through peoples consultative conferences. The governing partyconsultative conferencespeoples congresses link involves a process of obtaining legitimacy for the Partys views based on political consultations which are then translated into the national will by the system of peoples congresses. The peoples congressesthe people link involves the two-pronged logic of elections and governing the country according to law. The governing partythe people link is an illustration of the partys mass line, which essentially involves social consultation. Consultative democracy usually includes the political consultation in the governing partyconsultative conferences link and the social consultation in the governing party the people link in the chain, both of which are connected through the system of peoples congresses. This logically determines the inner relations between the Partys leadership, consultative democracy and the peoples congress form of representative democracy and shapes the institutionalization of consultative democracy. That is, in the process of democratic decision-making, a circular system consisting of political consultation legislative consultationsocial consultation is created to guide development of the actual system.

  Keywords:the Constitution,rule of law,state governance,consultative democracy,system of peoples congresses

The Historical Forms of Materialism and the Philosophical Domain of Historical Materialism

  Yang Geng

  School of Philosophy, Beijing Normal University

  Abstract:Natural materialism, humanistic materialism and historical materialism are the three historical forms of materialism. The material in historical materialism is a social thing which is perceptible and imperceptible by the senses and connotes social relations; and the history in historical materialism is the realm in which contradictions between man and nature and between man and society are able to unfold, so historical materialism is actually a critical view of the world that inherently contains dialectics in a rational form. The formulation of historical materialism opened a new path for the development of materialism and even philosophy as a whole. In the course of its critique of capitalist society, which unfolds with capital as a core category, historical materialism sublates abstract existence and discovers real social existence, thus putting an end to metaphysics, which is grounded in abstract ontology.

  Keywords:historical materialism,dialectical materialism,practice,ontology,metaphysics

Order in Transitional China and Its Institutional Logic

  He Yanling a and Wang Guanglong b

  a and b School of Government, Sun Yat-Sen University

  Abstract:The development of order in transitional China is not merely a matter of institutional supply, but also a matter of defining the states special roles and functions in the transition period. Since reform and opening up, China has sought to realize the twin governance aims of high speed development of the socialist economy and maintenance of stability, which require that the state simultaneously undertake the dual roles of modern government and national capital. The consequent adjustments to the governance structure are expressed in the states devolution of power to the market while reserving government pricing power; devolution of power to local governments while reserving power over central tasks; and affirming social rights while reserving the power to approve social organizations. At the institutional level, the externalities produced by this quasi-decentralized governance structure are marked by the shrinkage of arrangements for collective welfare, the absence of mechanisms for routine security in ordinary life, and the development of mechanisms that allow the government to profit from the market. This may result in the instrumentalization of government functions and the capitalization of public power, producing imbalances in the distribution of social rights, wealth and risk, or in other words, social instability.

  Keywords:order in transitional China,incidents of unrest,governance structure

Criticism of the Logic of the Ecological Imperialism of Carbon Politics and Its Transcendence

  Huan Qingzhi

  School of Marxism, Peking University

  Abstract:Within the framework of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol, international carbon politics inevitably presents itself as the logic or essence of ecological imperialism, reflecting a few Western countries expansion and development of their historically formed international hierarchical superiority or exclusive hegemony on the basis of their domestic capitalist economies and politics. This is an intrinsic obstacle to creating a more equitable, democratic and effective global climate or environmental governance system. Criticism of international carbon politics and its ecological imperialism, based on traditional green-left theories from Marxist philosophy and political economy, provides a theoretical basis for seeking an alternative way to cope with global climate change effectively. As a responsible developing country, Chinas response to climate change is not only an internal requirement for the promotion of its own sustainable development, but also reflects its responsibility to create a community of shared future for mankind. This rationale for our time determines that it is necessary for China to become a world leader in coping with global climate change and environmental governance through a leadership which lies in making a contribution rather than fighting for hegemony.

  Keywords:Paris Agreement,carbon politics,ecological imperialism,green-left theories,socialist ecological civilization

The Legal Regulation of Irrational Elements in the Operations of Boards of Directors

  Zhu Yikun

  Law School and Intellectual Property School, Jinan University

  Abstract:The operating processes of boards of directors are delicate and complex, so corporate legislation cannot simply equate board structure law with board governance law. It is therefore necessary to start from Chinas actual conditions and grasp the operating processes of Chinese boards with a sober appreciation of the irrational elements in their operating mechanisms. Board governance has entered a new stage of institutionalization, and the law should shift from its emphasis on structure to give equal attention to structure and process in optimizing institutional structure. In the construction of board operating mechanisms, we should treat differently such living laws as customs, experiences and traditions, give full play to the functionality of boards strategic choices, and provide legal regulation of irrational elements, so as to distinguish between different roles, develop consensus, select strong points and improve efficiency. We should build control over board operational procedures, improve the system of functional allocation, correct assessment mechanisms, develop a mechanism for judicial scrutiny of the affective relationships in society and curb such behavioral tendencies as relational identity, structural bias and group polarization, with a view to controlling such living laws within the framework of the basic values and principles of board governance.

  Keywords:board governance,group decision-making,strategic choices,irrational elements,legal regulation

Partners, Institutions and International Currencies: The International Political Foundations for the Rise of the Renminbi

  Li Wei

  School of International Studies, Renmin University of China

  Abstract:The use of an international currency is not just a natural market phenomenon; it relies heavily on international political foundations. The historical lessons of the four major international currenciesthe pound, dollar, euro and yenshow that a strong partner network and a favorable international institutional environment are the two major political foundations for the formation of a stable international currency. The rise of the renminbi, as a late starter looking to become a major international currency, depends not only on the requisite economic conditions but on governmental diplomacy aimed at attracting more monetary cooperation partners and creating international institutions that support its worldwide use. This strategy reinforces the political foundations for the rise of the renminbi. Building a network of partners supporting the renminbi as an international currency and creating a system of international monetary institutions are the real tests of the issuing countrys political leadership. This political leadership capacity has three dimensions: public trust founded on reputation building; a centripetal force driven by provision of benefits; and coercive force applied through sanctions. Comparatively speaking, the renminbi is still in the early stage of its ascent, so the development of its political infrastructure should concentrate mainly on gaining public trust through reputation-building and employing centripetal force involving provision of benefits.

  Keywords:rise of the renminbi, monetary partner networks, international institutions, political leadership, currency diplomacy

SPECIAL ISSUE: INTELLECTUAL ENLIGHTENMENT AND THE LITERARY REVOLUTION: CONNOTATIONS AND BACKGROUND COLOR OF NEW CULTURE MOVEMENT

  Ke Jinhua

  Social Sciences in China Press

May Fourth Writers Reconstruction of Traditional Chinese Literary Classics

  He Zhongming

  Department of Chinese Language and Literature of Jinan University

  Abstract:The classics are at the heart of traditional literature, and play an important role in its transmission. May Fourth writers did not totally reject traditional literary classics; rather, they selectively preserved and reinterpreted them, setting up a new canon based on the criteria of evolution, humanism, human relationships, popular culture, etc. To a certain extent, the May Fourth reconstruction of the classics inherited late Qing thought and views of literature, but it was more of an embodiment of new intellectual horizons; a modern spirit acting through the rediscovery and recreation of traditional literature. The reconstruction of the classical canon revealed a close connection between the New Literature and traditional literature, thereby effectively facilitating the acceptance of New Literature by the masses. It also provided writers with national resources for literary creation, thus preventing New Literature from descending to nihilistic understanding of Chinese tradition. This mode of discovering and creating the modern while being rooted in their native soil enabled such writers to step out of the binary opposition between making China Western and Sinicizing the West, and thus has methodological significance for the relation between Chinese and Western cultures from the late Qing on. Literary classics have a profound meaning for writers creations and for literature and cultural tradition. Despite its shortcomings, the May Fourth reconstruction of the traditional classics can inspire us even today.

  Key words:May Fourth writers,traditional literature,canon,reconstruction

The Eternal May Fourth Movement: Between Enlightenment and Tradition

  Xie Dikun

  Institute of Philosophy, CASS

  Abstract:This paper mainly discusses two key issues: how to evaluate the New Culture Movement and how to understand the relationship between enlightenment and the New Culture Movement. With regard to the former, the author puts forward the basic principles to be established for the evaluation of the New Culture Movement: not only to respect the historical facts, but also take a broad view to make a comprehensive survey of history and the world. Through an analysis of the current situation at home and abroad, this paper argues that it is precisely because the New Culture Movement rejected the darkness in the fields of politics, morality, academics and ideology which had ruled China for thousands of years, promoted insemination of political democracy, freedom of thought, and spiritual independence, which helped to prepare the mass basis for Marxism to spread in China, that it became possible to achieve the victory of socialism in China. Regarding the latter, the author believes the New Culture Movement could not complete the task of enlightenment once and for all in China. The reasons are as follows: China has thousands of years of old culture and old traditions, the Chinese culture and the European traditions are quite different, and the situation confronting China during the New Culture Movement period was far more complicated than the situation during the European Enlightenment in the 16th-18th centuries. So, when it was divorced from the future fate of the Chinese nation, the empty talk of personality liberation and personal freedom was not only unrealistic, but also poled apart from the rationalist analysis and application advocated by the Enlightenment.

  Keywords:Enlightenment,New Culture Movement,tradition,Marxism

An Analysis of Anti-Traditionalism in the New Culture Movement

  Chen Weiping

  Institute for Modern Chinese Thought and Culture and Department of Philosophy at the East China Normal University

  Abstract:The New Culture Movement aimed to criticize feudal despotism, and reach the goal of rebuilding the foundation of a new culture by clearing away dregs in traditional culture. Regarding the outstanding traditional culture of China, the New Culture Movement did not hold a totally negative attitude; instead, it emphasized totake a scientific spirit in the investigation into traditional culture, and put the thought of traditional culture into a modern system for the revival of traditional culture while it broke with the tradition of studies of Confucian classics.

  Keywords:New Culture Movement,outstanding cultural tradition,modern science system

On the Intrinsic Inevitability of the Birth of May Fourth New Literature

  Zhu Shoutong

  Department of Chinese Language and Literature, University of Macau

  Abstract:Recent years have witnessed a phenomenon in Chinese academia, which denies the inevitable connection between May Fourth New Literature and the New Culture Movement during the May Fourth Movement period, and often views fragments of civilization before the New Culture Movement as the real form of kernel culture of New Literature. In fact, the emergence of New Literature had to depend upon the intense and profound revolutionary movement of new culture, and the May Fourth New Culture Movement fostered a totally new literary form with its combined strength, and constituted the new ideological qualities of New Literature by recourse to the values of New Culture centered on democracy and science.

  Keywords:New Literature,New Culture,inevitability

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